Map of Argentina and Chile
Mapuche Cultures Easter Island Cultures Patagonia Cultures

Ancient Cultures

For lovers of ancient civilisations and of legends, I can offer a travel theme based on the discovery of ancient cultures and their rituals.
Highlights include the mysterious civilisations on Easter Island, the Incas of north western Argentina, the indigenous "Mapuche" people of Patagonia and the native "Yamanas" Indians from the tip of Tierra del Fuego. I promise you will not be short of legends, mysteries and discoveries on your trip.

Here you can find further information through an example.
To find a program to fit you, please send me an email through the link on the contact page.

cultures ancient cultures ancient cultures ancient
From Quilmes to
la Quebrada de Humahuaca
Incas way
Argentina - Chile
The Mapuches Communities
Easter Island (Chile)
cultures ancient cultures ancient  
The Llullaillaco The Guaranís  
Easter Island - (Chile)  
culture anciennes

| Easter Island has long been the subject of curiosity and speculation. How and why did its inhabitants carve and transport the massive statues which surround the island? What remains of this culture today, and what lessons can we learn from their legacy? This page is a resource for information on the Internet about Easter Island, also known as "Rapa Nui" and "Isla de Pascua". Easter Island is over 2,000 miles from the nearest population center, (Tahiti and Chile), making it one of the most isolated places on Earth. A triangle of volcanic rock in the South Pacific - it is best known for the giant stone monoliths, known as Moai, that dot the coastline. The early settlers called the island "Te Pito O Te Henua" (Navel of The World). Admiral Roggeveen, who came upon the island on Easter Day in 1722, named it Easter Island. Today, the land, people and language are all referred to locally as Rapa Nui. There has been much controversy and confusion concerning the origins of the Easter Islanders. Thor Heyerdahl proposed that the people who built the statues were of Peruvian descent, due to a similarity between Rapa Nui and Incan stonework. Some have suggested that Easter Island is the remnant of a lost continent, or the result of an extra-terrestrial influence . Archaeological evidence, however, indicates discovery of the island by Polynesians at about 400 AD - led, according to legend, by Hotu Matua. Upon their arrival, an impressive and enigmatic culture began to develop. In addition to the statues, the islanders possessed the Rongorongo script; the only written language in Oceania. The island is also home to many petroglyphs (rock carvings), as well as traditional wood carvings, tapa (barkcloth) crafts, tattooing, string figures, dance and music.

culture anciennes
culture anciennes
  Level : For everybody culture anciennes Period : All the year culture anciennes
To envisage : culture anciennesculture anciennesculture anciennes    
From Quilmes to
la Quebrada de Humahuaca
Incas way
 

| Duration : 4 days or more.

| I propose to discover part of the Inca route from "las Ruinas de Quilmes" (Quelma ruins) to the "Quebrada de Humahuaca". Quelam Ruins is the most important Inca site in Argentina. Situated South to "Valles CalchaQuies", it's quite a beautiful place. As a whole the Calchaquies valleys appear as a series of mountains and valleys (vales) more than 300 miles long. They rank among the most beautiful landscapes in Argentina. The highly cultured natives have wedged their "Calchaquie wars" against the Spanish invaders for one hundred years. The "Quebrada de Humahuaca" is an arid zone, but with wonderful landscapes and quite interesting remains of Inca culture, namely : Purmamarca, with its "Cerro de los Siete Colores", Maimara, Tilcara and Humahuaca. In the year 2003, the Quebrada has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List ( for cultural and environmental criteria). Its outsanding landscapes and original villages have retained numerous vestiges, both pre Colombine and Hispanic.

  Level : For everybody Period : All the year
To envisage : Asado :
Argentina - Chile
The Mapuches Communities
 

| At the time of your voyage in Argentina and/or Chile, you will have surely the occasion to approach at certain Mapuches communities. They live mainly in the rural zones of the area of Araucanía like in the area of the Lakes and the metropolitan area (in other words the capital, Santiago of Chile).
Originating in the Chilean Andes, they propagated their culture with the tribes Het and Tehuelches, from the Pampa to the Argentinean Patagonia, between XVIII and the XIX century. Neither Incas nor the Conquistadors succeeded in subjecting them. About 1880, Argentina and Chile undertook wars of conquest against the Indians (Mapuches and Patagons) who lived in the south of the continent in uncontrolled and not easily penetrable areas. These wars of extermination which made tens of thousands of died among the Indians pursued also another goal: the access to Bi oceanity. Chile wanted to open on the Atlantic by the south and Argentina on the Pacific, there too by the south. The beliefs of the Mapuche people are based on the worship of the spirits of the ancestors, and the spirits and/or elements of nature. These spirits do not correspond to "Divinities" as one could hear it in the Western world. In spite of the number of "beings" present in their beliefs they never set up Pantheons with their image as it is the case in other civilizations of Andean origin.

  Level : For everybody Period : All the year
       
Les Chemins des Incas  
carnavals argentine chili

| Durée Une journée ou plus.

| Le territoire de Salta a été habité par des peuplades de différentes origines depuis le temps de la culture précolombienne dont l’influence est encore très remarquable. Vers l’an 1000 AC ils s’y sont installés des peuplades agricoles, des bergers et des potiers. Au XVe. Siècle la région est dominée par les Incas et le territoire fait partie du Collasuyo, l’une des quatre régions - dans lesquelles l’empire inca était divisé - connue comme la Tahuantisayo. L’influence de l’Inca fut remarquable dans plusieurs aspects, imposant même leur langue: le « quechua ». Il existe un important réseau de chemins incas dans la vallée du Calchaqui et la Pouna. Entre les montagnes nous pouvons y trouver plusieurs sentiers qui font des zigzags et qu’auparavant formaient un vaste réseau routier qui communiquait tout l’empire. Plusieurs d’entre eux conduisent aux «Santuarios» (Sanctuaires) qui se trouvent dans les hauts sommets andins et en les parcourant vous pourrez profiter de très beaux paysages.

| Activité avec guide.

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

  Niveau : Pour tous culture anciennes Période : Toute l'année culture anciennes
Prévoir : culture anciennesculture anciennesculture anciennes    
The Llullaillaco  
carnavals argentine chili

| Duration 1 day or more.

| In 1999, archeologists found on an Argentinian summit perfectly preserved bodies of three children who had been sacrified by Inca priests five hundred years ago. Immortalized in the ice, these three little mummies are a flashback to a period of Incas’ history and their rites. This discovery took place at 6,739 mts. above sea level, on Llullaillaco's summit, in the Andes mountain range. Llullaillaco or Llullay-Yacu is the third highest active volcano in the world, surpassed only by Mount Pissis and Ojos del Salado and it is situated in the Andes at the border of Argentina (Salta province) and Chile (in the II region of Antofagasta). It is the highest archeological site in the world.

The Incas not only considered children’s sacrifices as offerings to the Gods but also believed that these children would be ambassadors in the afterlife. There were cases in which families would offer one of their children’s lives, and in other cases sacrifice was imposed. One century of history, the Inca Empire extended over about 4,000 km. When the Spanish conquest took place in 1532 the Incas who lived in the city of Cuzco, Peru, were more than 12 millon.

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

  Level : For everybody culture anciennes Period : All the year culture anciennes
To envisage : culture anciennesculture anciennesculture anciennes    
The Guaranís  
carnavals argentine chili

| Duration: 1 day or more.

| Guaraní are a group of culturally related indigenous peoples of South America, distinguished from the related Tupi by their use of the Guaraní language. The traditional range of the Guaraní people is in what is now Paraguay, between the Uruguay River and lower Paraguay River, the Corrientes and Entre Rios Provinces of Argentina, southern Brazil, and parts of Uruguay and Bolivia.[1] Although their demographic dominance of the region has been reduced by European colonisation and the commensurate rise of the mestizo, there are contemporary Guaraní populations in these areas. The Guaraní language is still widely spoken across traditional Guaraní homelands, most notably in Paraguay where it is one of the two official languages [2]. All Paraguayan children are required to learn to speak, read and write in Guarani. Once, the language was looked down upon by the upper and middle classes, but now it is regarded with pride, and serves as a symbol of national distinctiveness.

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

gastronomie vins argentin chilien chilienne

  Level : For everybody culture anciennes Period : All the year culture anciennes
To envisage : culture anciennesculture anciennesculture anciennes    
Travel to Peru and Bolivia See also the Journey to Peru and Bolivia ...

Borispatagonia

Patagonia in all seasons menu. For example, according to the climate, from Bariloche, in Patagonia Argentina, it is possible to go to Puerto Montt, in Chile, crossing successively three lakes by boat, as did the Jesuits and the first German settlers. I offer a tour that leads to the Pacific Ocean. It is quite long, but the beauty of the sites - forests, volcanoes and crystalline lakes - is such that it is worth to be carried. The Argentine side, cross the west arm of Nahuel Huapi and Lake Puerto Alegre and, the chilen side, Lake Todos los Santos. Moving from one lake to another by bus. This tour is feasible in all seasons, but in winter, it takes two days to reach Puerto Montt, stopping for one night at Peulla. We returned to Bariloche by air or by the same way, after a night in Puerto Montt. Borispatagonia is also responsible for visas to go to Chile and to book hotels. In Patagonia, winter and summer are tourist seasons. In summer, besides explore the surrounding, many activities are available: climbing, torrent fishing, sailing, horseback riding, hiking, rides, visits to Aciendas... In winter, the main activity is, of course, skiing, especially in July and August on the side of the Andes, but not only: snowshoe hikes, thematic tours, many walks to admire the beauty of Patagonia Argentina and Chile in this season, due a unique light, the warmth of the people of Patagonia... Just to talk about, I get goose bumps!